Username:    Password:
Thanks for stopping by...
Triumph of Adelaide Hills












Bringing the Best of Barossa Alive
























New Release Grandma Raethel












General Wine
Thoughts About Buying, Selling and Drinking Wines From Reading "Micro Economics and Behaviour" by Robert H. Frank
Sunday, 20th July, 2008  - David Farmer
Robert H. Frank

The senior business writer and economist for the Sydney Morning Herald, Ross Gittins, occasionally does a piece about how we spend the way we do and how this can vary from the rational choice model of economists. This got me interested enough to work my way through Robert Frank's "Micro Economics and Behaviour" which delves into variances to the rational choice model and other human behaviour to see whether any insights might show what affect's wine buyers and drinking habits.

Here are some of the ideas I gleaned.

The Lemon Principle
"Since good cars are worth more to their owners than lemons are to theirs, a much larger fraction of the lemons finds its way quickly into the used-car market."

"The gap is much more plausibly understood as a reflection of the fact that cars offered for sale, taken as a group, are simply of lower average quality than cars not offered for sale."

We all wish to avoid buying 'wine lemons' and the likely place they hide is in the auction system, including on-line auctions. At least some of the product being sold will be because they have been rejected by the vendor. Cellars in Australia are too warm and there will be a reason for older wine at auction. Auctions are also the clearing house for forged wine although little of this happens in Australia-I assume! Clean-skins are another outlet for wine lemons and for example many cheap Barossa reds have the yeast infection of brettanomyces.

Positional Goods
"A good whose value depends strongly on how it compares with similar goods consumed by others."

"The late British economist Fred Hirsch coined the term positional goods to refer to goods and services whose value is strongly influenced by their relative quality…… The central feature of a positional good is its inherent scarcity. Although it is possible to imagine an environment in which people had more food than they could possible consume, the same cannot be said of a positional good."

It is the desire of every wine company to develop many positional brands as these go beyond the need to supply a decent drink and open up an avenue to make a lot more money. Scarcity must be manufactured and carefully controlled as it is very easy to over produce and slip in positional ranking. Scarcity alone though is not enough to develop a positional good. A 'strangeness' factor is required that elevates the brand into a realm that gives the wine a distinguishing halo. For the wine buyer this is an area fraught with hazard and it is essential that the truths of masked tastings are not ignored. A good example is Marlborough sauvignon blancs where most have a similar taste and the wine on special should be purchased. Many fakes exist in the positioning of wine.

A Case for Gambling
"As a general rule, human nature obviously prefers certainty to risk. People naturally want the largest possible gain and the smallest possible risk… "when only small sums are at stake a compelling case can be made that the only sensible strategy is to choose the alternative with the highest expected value'…. "the long-run opportunity cost of following a risk averse strategy for decisions involving small outcomes is an almost sure loss of considerable magnitude."

You should be prepared to try many different wines at lower price points. How do you get certainty? One way is with a guarantee which may be a high score for a cheap wine from a leading wine writer. You lower the risk by following the advice of a person you can count on or read a wine magazine for tips of new things to buy or shop with a decent wine merchant. The wine scene evolves quite quickly these days so do not get left behind because you are risk adverse. Also when you buy wine you tend to buy what you have knowledge of but in this case there will be a sure loss of considerable magnitude as you will not progress with your wine knowledge. This is no doubt taking Frank's conclusion in a different direction but it is one I do urge on consumers.

Sunk Costs and My Wine is Better than Yours
Frank relates a story about the use of tennis courts to illustrate that once we have paid for the use of something we wish to get our monies worth even if a better free alternative appears in the mean time-the idea of sunk costs. Thus we will go to a lousy movie because tickets have been paid for even if offered free tickets to a much better movie playing at the same time. This got me thinking about wines that have been purchased representing a sunk cost. Someone may offer you a better wine but we insist in drinking what we have brought along to get our monies worth.

This is illustrated by the idea of -my wine is better than yours-which we have all experienced at dinner parties. We tend to think the wine we bring to a dinner party will be the best and get upset when the host does not open it even if the host's wines are far superior.

A Small Loss is Far Worse Than a Bigger Gain
"…people seem to weigh each event separately, and attach considerably less importance to the gain than to the loss-so much less that many people refuse to accept pairs of events that would increase their overall wealth!"

The rational choice model says we should evaluate events or collections of events in terms of the overall effect on wealth. In practise we treat losses much heavier than gains which give the idea of an asymmetric value. The example used is how an unexpected gift of $100 which is consumed by an unexpected bill for $80.00 is seen as tragedy instead of a net gain of $20.00

Thus we avoid risk taking as this may create a loss, For example we will be cautious when buying wines and likely will not risk a new wine if the old favourite is at a fair price.

And this makes me note that while we will get upset by a bad bottle we must take time to enjoy and reflect upon the good and great bottles.

The Idea of 'out of pocket expenses are coded losses' while 'opportunity cost as forgone gains'
Our irrational views show that we will not ignore sunk costs even if a better alternative comes along that is free. By that the economists are saying we want to use at all costs something we have paid for even if the action is irrational.

"Consider a person who in 1955 bought a case of wine for $5.00 a bottle. Today the same wine sells for $100 a bottle. His wine merchant offers $60 and he refuses, even though the most he would pay for the same wine today is $35 per bottle." The rational choice model rules out such behaviour.

Perhaps this is why many wine people are generous with old expensive wines as they were bought when much cheaper and they do not worry about the forgone gain. For a retailer it is likely that a customer will pass up an offer of a free item with an expensive wine but the temptation grows the cheaper the wine offered.

Our Tendency to Segregate Small Gains from Large Losses
The example used is the practise of 'cash back' of say $1200 when buying a new car. This is better than a price reduction as the purchase is seen as a large loss while the cash back is a small gain thus it's an offer to our irrational way of buying.

While not quite the same thing, for many years retailers have given free magnums and glasses as bonuses when wine is purchased. This is also the idea behind frequent flier points, green stamps as used in the U.S., and various reward points.

Bias in Judgements
"We often estimate the frequency of an event, or class of events, by the ease with which we can summon examples from memory...... It is easy, after all, to recall examples of things that happen often."

"A large body of research indicates that people tend to assign too much weight to recent information when making assessments about relative performance."

Do we drink what we have recently tried? The evidence is strong that we repeat purchases of wines that we have liked. There is a significant clue in this for me to be able to manipulate you wine buyers but at the moment I just cannot see it.

The Process of Anchoring and Adjustment
"In one common strategy of estimation, known as 'anchoring and adjustment', people choose a preliminary estimate-an anchor- and then adjust it in accordance with whatever additional information they have that appears relevant."

"..this procedure often leads to biased estimates for two reasons. First the initial anchor may be completely unrelated to the value to be estimated. And second, even when it is related, people tend to adjust too little from it."

Frank follows with several scary experiments which show that if the initial anchor is generated as a random number this affects the final 'adjustment'.

The immediate relevance to wine is not obvious but it makes you think that as a buyer we all come up with a rough idea of what something is worth by a first impression; in this case the wine bottle. If it looks cheap we will not want to spend too much and if it looks expensive will expect to pay more. This is logical and is of course what actually happens. We try to dress up the better wines the most. The trap is that a lot of wine sold does not warrant the fancy package and is in fact nothing more than a fancy dress. We also know from other studies that paying a higher price for a wine makes it taste better than a cheaper wine because you have been conditioned to expect it to be better.

Perception is Everything
"Weber and Fechner set out to discover how large the change in a stimulus had to be before we could perceive the difference in intensity. (They) found that the minimally perceptible difference is roughly proportional to the original intensity of the stimulus."

This is a most absorbing chapter and deals among other things with the pricing of items. In particular it asks-what is the required difference in price for the same item to make us shop at one shop over another. We get annoyed at paying $15.00 in one shop when it could have been bought for $13.00 in another but when the item is say $200 versus $198 we do not care. The dearer the item the less the worry that we have lost money which explains the quote at the start.

It simple, when buying wine all savings at any price point are good savings. Despite many reports to the contrary I have always felt that price in liquor retailing is the prime driver of customers.

The Difficulty of Deciding
"If the choice between two alternatives is a close call-then it should not make much difference which is chosen...if one of the options clearly has a higher expected utility, the choice should again be easy. Either way, the chooser has no obvious reasons to experience this anxiety and indecision."

"Finally, departures from rational choice may occur because people simply have difficulty choosing between alternatives that are hard to compare."

The example used is choosing between two apartments (A and B) with the variables being that the monthly rent declines the further you move from the campus where you are studying. By altering either variable, high rent but handy or low rent but travel time you can get a rough 50%-50% split in what students prefer. When you add a third place to rent (C) that is close to one of the other options, and the example used is both further from campus and costs a bit more than (B), there is produced a strong bias to prefer (B) over (A)-50% goes to 70%. This is the 'halo' effect.

We all want to buy a wine like Grange, in its 'halo effect', but at a cheaper price and alas this is very hard to do.

Summary
The main two variables at play when you buy wine are cost and quality and a rational choice customer will always buy the best quality at the cheapest price. We have just learnt why we often do not do this. For such a regular item purchased I cannot think of a more demanding and confusing product to make a decision about than buying a bottle of wine. The average quality isn't too bad but the price for the same quality can vary from $10.00 to $40.00 and while there are books galore and wine ratings aplenty-when you need advice you will not find it easy to apply. Happy bargain hunting.

2
0
1
4
2
0
1
3
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
0
2
0
0
9
2
0
0
8
2
0
0
7
2
0
0
6
2
0
0
5
2
0
0
4
GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2014
Four Barossa Winemakers Talking About Mataro

Thursday, 27th March, 2014

Something Very Odd with Fabulous Bordeaux from 2009

Monday, 3rd March, 2014

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2013
Supermarkets, Waffle, Plain Speaking, Grange 2008

Wednesday, 10th July, 2013

Bordeaux En Primeur and 6000 Tasters

Thursday, 2nd May, 2013

Mataro Girls Make a Debut

Friday, 1st March, 2013

Reflections on the Art of Wine Copywriting - Part 1

Wednesday, 23rd January, 2013

The Origin of Penfolds Koonunga Hill

Thursday, 17th January, 2013

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2012
The Amazing 'Golden Scrumpy' Cider of David Franz

Tuesday, 27th November, 2012

New Glug Release P.B. Burgoyne Moscato

Tuesday, 27th November, 2012

A Millergram - Diana Genders recalls the 2008 Vintage

Thursday, 4th October 2012

A Millergram - Put a Cork in It

Wednesday, 12th September, 2012

Goodbye Wytt Morro 1922 - 2012

Wednesday, 5th September, 2012

A Millergram - "New Discovery - The Eighth Teaching of Harry Brown"

Monday, 20th August, 2012

An Appropriate Juxtaposition On The Perils Of Wine Investment

Tuesday, 29th May, 2012

The New Grange Release – A Fully Priced Wine

Sunday, 6th May, 2012

Wine and Martin Gardner - A Sceptical Science

Tuesday, 17th April, 2012

Restrictions, Competition, Deregulation and Consumers

Sunday, 26th February, 2012

Expanding The Wine Market

Sunday, 19th February, 2012

Rosemount Turning To Ammonium

Monday, 6th February, 2012

All Good Cons Come To An End

Monday, 6th February, 2012

Terroir Expands to Carrots and Oysters

Thursday, 2nd February, 2012

The Rise of Alcoholic Apple Juice

Monday, 23rd January, 2012

Goodbye Fosters as Beer Giant Takes Over

Sunday, 15th January, 2012

What Someone Else Can Drink Tonight

Tuesday, 10th January, 2012

Cease and Desist - Coles to Woolworths

Monday, 2nd January, 2011

Observations from a Few Weeks in the Golden West

Monday, 2nd January, 2011

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2011
How Do You Make the First One?

Sunday, 18th December, 2011

Screw Caps versus Corks - Well Fancy That!

Sunday, 18th December, 2011

A Big Wine For China

Sunday, 18th December, 2011

A Pinot Noir Breakthrough

Sunday, 11th December, 2011

Comparative Advertising Can Be Brutal

Sunday, 27th November, 2011

They Wouldn't Do It Would They?

Sunday, 27th November, 2011

Replanting a Barossa Vineyard Poses Questions About the Future

Sunday, 16th October, 2011

A Day to Remember - 3rd October, 2011

Sunday, 16th October, 2011

A Beer Giant Buys Fosters

Wednesday, 5th October, 2011

An Industry Living In Hope

Thursday, 22nd September, 2011

Just Another Drink

Sunday, 11th September, 2011

A No Brainer or No Brains?

Wednesday, 17th August, 2011

El Bulli, Fragrances and Wine Innovation

Sunday, 31st July, 2011

And You Laugh at Wine Wankers!

Sunday, 31st July, 2011

Australia Looks on in Envy

Sunday, 24th July, 2011

Helping Thine Neighbour - Or Time to Move On

Thursday, 23rd June, 2011

New Terroir in France - Plant a Good Slope

Wednesday, 15th June, 2011

Blending and Blendered Wines

Wednesday, 25th May, 2011

Becoming a Wine Merchant

Sunday, 1st May, 2011

Fake Jacobs Creek - A Test Run for the Real Thing

Wednesday, 20th April, 2011

Good Food for the Family - Woolworths vs Coles

Saturday, 26th March, 2011

Oddbins U.K. - The Crowd Moves On

Monday, 14th March, 2011

Progress Revealing the Relationships of Wine Grape Varieties

Monday, 7th March, 2011

A Smarter Way for Restaurants to Sell Wine

Saturday, 29th January, 2011

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2010
Sommeliers an Endangered Species

Wednesday, 20th October, 2010

The Mystery of Bio-Dynamics

Sunday, 3rd October, 2010

The Complexity of Wine Gives It a Marketing Advantage

Friday, 10th September, 2010

Reflections on Wine UK Retailing and Australia’s Role

Friday, 3rd September, 2010

Population Growth Places Pressure on Wine Regions

Tuesday, 31st August, 2010

What Else besides Warming is Making Grapes Ripen Earlier?

Thursday, 5th August, 2010

Brother Richard Reports Aldi Bargain

Wednesday, 28th July, 2010

Early Ripening and Climate Change

Friday, 9th July, 2010

Red Heads Confusion at Winepeople.com.au

Tuesday, 6th July, 2010

Decanter Gives the Barossa a Kick

Monday, 21st June 2010

Seppelstfield Changes Hands - Again

Friday, 11th June, 2010

Abusing the Good Name of Woolworths

Monday, 7th June, 2010

Bordeaux - Bubble Trouble or Flying Higher

Friday, 14th May 2010

Get Out of Business says a Former President of the Winemakers Federation

Wednesday, 12th May 2010

Corrections and Opinions on a Financial Times Wine Article

Friday, 7th May 2010

Checking Out the Back Label Copy

Friday, 30th April 2010

Cocktails at the Connaught, London

Tuesday, 27th April 2010

Unusual Labelling and Outright Fraud - An Update on the Wine Trade

Monday, 19th April 2010

Catching Up with AFWE

Tuesday, 13th April 2010

What a Load of Crap - Just Drink the Stuff

Tuesday, 6th April 2010

The Brian Miller View - Y Should They

Wednesday, 24th March 2010

Australia Trade Day

Monday, 8th March 2010

The English Press is Very Quiet About the 2010 Michelin

Thursday, 29th January, 2010

Vinderella and The Benevolent

Thursday, 29th January, 2010

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2009
Martinborough Just Loves Te Muna

Thursday, 3rd December, 2009

More Wine Snobs and Know-Alls Detected

Wednesday, 25th November, 2009

The Two Buck Chardonnay

Wednesday, 4th November, 2009

Favourite Restaurants

Tuesday, 27th October, 2009

Is it Brett or Terroir - The Brian Miller View?

Tuesday, 27th October, 2009

Governments Picking Winners

Tuesday, 13th October, 2009

More About the 2009 Champagne Harvest

Monday, 21st September, 2009

Champagne - At All Costs Protect the Image

Saturday, 12th September, 2009

Leave it Alone Will Ya

Thursday, 3rd September, 2009

A Lunch with John Duval - Ex Grange Custodian

Saturday, 1st August, 2009

Power People in the World of Wine

Sunday, 28th June, 2009

Oh Dear! Customers Slip the Boot In

Wednesday, 24th June, 2009

A New Critter Label - Hello Kitty

Wednesday, 17th June, 2009

Making, Selling, Grange and Other Wine Business

Sunday, 7th June, 2009

Advanced Mumbo-jumbo Aplenty in the World of Wine

Friday, 22nd May, 2009

An Interview with Mark Lloyd

Wednesday, 6th May, 2009

2009 Vintage May Be A Cracker

Saturday, 11th April, 2009

Hermann Thumm of Chateaux Yaldara

Wednesday, 11th March, 2009

Winestate Wines of the Year - Surprises and Gimbletts Do Well

Wednesday, 11th March, 2009

The Gimbletts Shine a Light on a Difficult Problem

Friday, 13th February, 2009

A South Coast Surprise

Tuesday, 10th February, 2009

Cork and Other Closures

Monday, 26th January, 2009

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2008
Further News on the 'Drop of the Gods'

Sunday, 9th November, 2008

The Missing Trophy at the Barossa Wine Show

Monday, 13th October, 2008

Robert M Parker Meets His Match

Monday, 13th October, 2008

On One Hand Terroir Gets Bigger - On the Other it's Taken Away

Saturday, 6th September, 2008

A New Meaning to Making the Numbers

Friday, 29th August, 2008

Oh to be a Tree Shrew

Sunday, 17th August, 2008

Who Wants a Winery?

Wednesday, 13th August, 2008

France the Birthplace of Sophisticated Wine Falls to Rosé

Wednesday, 30th July, 2008

Evil Aluminium Takes Over

Wednesday, 30th July, 2008

Where is the Harry Potter of Wine?

Wednesday, 30th July, 2008

Thoughts About Buying, Selling and Drinking Wines From Reading "Micro Economics and Behaviour" by Robert H. Frank

Sunday, 20th July, 2008

A Brilliant 30 Years - New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc

Sunday, 6th July, 2008

Where You See The Word Art Substitute Wine

Tuesday, 1st July, 2008

Simplistic Wines from Bordeaux

Tuesday, 1st July, 2008

Brands of Emptiness

Sunday, 22nd June, 2008

Specific Site or Blending?

Sunday, 22nd June, 2008

Thoughts from Reading the 2008 Gault-Millau

Friday, 2nd May, 2008

On Cats Piss and Fruit Bombs

Friday, 2nd May, 2008

Troubling Advice from London Sommeliers

Saturday, 26th April, 2008

Front Labels Help Sell Wine

Saturday, 26th April, 2008

Whatever Happened to the d' in d'Yquem?

Friday, 11th April, 2008

Alarming Ageing of Great White Burgundies

Friday, 4th April, 2008

Thoughts from a London Gastro-Pub Crawl

Friday, 28th March, 2008

Sparkling Wines that "Blew Us Judges Away"

Monday, 11th February, 2008

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2007
Alternative Closures to Cork

Monday, 17th December, 2007

Alcopops and Smirnoff

Tuesday, 11th December, 2007

A Message for Pinot Noir Drinkers

Sunday, 9th December, 2007

Bo a Perfect 10 Out of 10

Thursday, 6th December, 2007

Troubles at National Leisure and Gaming

Thursday, 22nd November, 2007

What About a Little Genetic Tweaking to Improve Flavour

Saturday, 3rd November, 2007

Martha Stewart Wines

Saturday, 27th October, 2007

An Update on the Unfathomable Idea - Terroir

Wednesday, 3rd October, 2007

Free Up Liquor Licenses in Sydney

Friday, 21st September, 2007

Unusual Admirers of Mateus

Monday, 6th August, 2007

Rosé - the Giant Wine Fraud Expands

Tuesday, 17th July, 2007

Retailing in Port Augusta

Sunday, 10th June, 2007

How Many of These Have You Tried?

Tuesday, 22nd May, 2007

New Packaging for Wine - It Will Happen

Monday, 14th May, 2007

Retailing Becomes "The Artist Of His Own Life"

Wednesday, 2nd May, 2007

All Crushed Apart from Brandies and Bundy

Sunday, 22nd April, 2007

Now We Have Fortified Terroir

Sunday, 22nd April, 2007

Marketing, Old Whale Bones and Wine

Thursday, 5th April, 2007

A Case of Begging the Question

Tuesday, 27th March, 2007

The Origin of White Wine Varieties

Thursday, 15th March, 2007

France Rules in the U.K. Wine Press - O.K.

Monday, 12th March, 2007

When You Get To Close to the Job

Tuesday, 6th March, 2007

The Wine Glut Creates Problems But Do We Have Another Problem

Thursday, 1st March, 2007

Climate Change is Underway

Thursday, 22nd February, 2006

The Wine Wankers Club Adds Another Member

Thursday, 22nd February, 2006

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2006
Tasting with Robert M. Parker, Jr

Wednesday, 15th November, 2006

The Making of Rolf Binder Heinrich

Monday, 14th August, 2006

Can't Tell Your Brett from Oak Flavours

Tuesday, 18th July, 2006

Starting Your Own Business

Tuesday, 27th June, 2006

I Find a Canberra Connection Running Georges in Adelaide

Wednesday, 26th April, 2006

Robert M. Parker Jr. Wins Our Australian Wine Award

Thursday, 26th January, 2006

A Note About the Winner

Thursday, 26th January, 2006

Australian Wine Patron of the Year Award

Monday, 16th January, 2006

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2005
The Crystal Wine Enhancer

Wednesday, 21st December, 2005

Major UK Trend to Wine

Tuesday, 20th December, 2005

From Vintage to Vinegar

Monday, 12th December, 2005

Waiting for Parker

Sunday, 11th December, 2005

A Problem with Penfolds RWT

Monday, 5th December, 2005

Financial Troubles but the Wine's a Winner

Friday, 2nd December, 2005

Personally, I prefer the '27

Friday, 2nd December, 2005

Sharp Differences of Opinion Over Mount Mary

Monday, 14th November, 2005

Dasher the Dog Shows How

Monday, 14th November, 2005

...midnight's all a glimmer

Monday, 14th November, 2005

The Parker Influence

Friday, 11th November, 2005

The Good King Tut Was In To the Red

Thursday, 27th October, 2005

A Look at Langtons Classification from 1991 to 2005

Monday, 17th October, 2005

Langtons Classification - We Learn How It's Done

Wednesday, 12th October, 2005

Bowen, Balthazar and the Barossa Show

Friday, 23th September, 2005

About Oak Barrels and A.P.Johns

Tuesday, 13th September, 2005

An Own Brand Victory

Friday, 9th September, 2005

An International Gong for the Experienced Four Year Old

Friday, 9th September, 2005

A Winemaker's Thoughts on Stelvin Closures

Monday, 5th September, 2005

The New Taste of Wine

Friday, 2nd September, 2005

Parker and the Swiss Chasselas

Tuesday, 9th August, 2005

Drinking From Special Wine Glasses

Thursday, 4th August, 2005

En Primeur Update: A Jonathan is Appalled

Thursday, 14th July, 2005

A Lunch with Philip White

Monday, 27th June, 2005

A Little Madness or a Sign of the Times?

Wednesday, 22nd June, 2005

Does the Truth Lie in Numbers?

Sunday, 8th May, 2005

We Catch Up With Winemaker Colin Forbes

Sunday, 8th May, 2005

A Little Bit of Madness for Whisky Afficionados

Friday, 1st April 2005

The Black Hill and the Sydney Opera House

Monday, 28th February 2005

Glug Talks to a Major Importer of High End Australian Boutiques

Saturday, 5th February, 2005

Is Cabernet Like Cola or More Like Milk?

Tuesday, 18th January, 2005

GENERAL COMMENTS ARCHIVE 2004
Expensive European Wines - Are They Worth It?

Tuesday, 7th December, 2004

Do We Need Rosé?

Wednesday, 17th November, 2004

Yering Station In Distinguished Company

Friday, 29th October, 2004

Will there be Closure on Battle for the Bottle?

Saturday, 23th October, 2004

Red Herrings in Cowra Show

Tuesday, 19th October, 2004

Tyrell Gives Cork The Flick

Tuesday, 19th October, 2004

Koonunga Screw Cap Ups The Ante In Cork Taint War

Tuesday, 9th September, 2004

Watch for the Sparkling Jimmy Watson Winner

Friday, 27th August, 2004

On Lust, Envy & Greed

Friday, 27th August, 2004

Notes on Australian Winemakers and the Australian Character

Friday, 20th August, 2004

What the English are Drinking

Friday, 20th August, 2004

Rieslings, Ready for Their Laurels

Friday, 20th August, 2004

Aussies on Top

Thursday, 19th August, 2004

High Fruit, High Alcohol; A Lesson From History

Wednesday, 23rd June, 2004



©2017 Glug  |  Contact Us  |  Privacy Policy  |   RSS Feed
Liquor Licensing Act 1997: It is an offence to sell or supply liquor to a person under the age of 18 years, or to obtain liquor on behalf of a person under the age of 18 years.
All transactions in $AUD. This web site is operated by Glug Management Company Pty Ltd ABN: 64 116 647 780 Licence No: 51401128